Different leadership styles Pros and Cons of different leading styles

describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority
describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority

Team leadership involves the creation of a vivid picture of a team’s future, where it is heading and what it will stand for. The vision inspires and provides a strong sense of purpose and direction. Sports is clearly an area where we can observe many leadership styles, and one in which strategy is crucial. Hockey player and coach Wayne Gretzky is well-known for his skill in strategizing. Strategic leadership is one that involves a leader who is essentially the head of an organization. The strategic leader is not limited to those at the top of the organization.

When taken to the extreme the hands-off leader may end up appearing indifferent and remote. However, a Laissez-faire Leader trusts people to know what to do and works well when leading highly skilled, experienced individuals and teams who are motivated self-starters. The Democratic Leader is still the one making the final decision or approving the decision of the team.

Democratic leaders tend to make followers feel like they are an important part of the team, which helps foster commitment to the goals of the group. Strategic leadership is when leaders use their skills and capabilities to help team members and organisation achieve their long-term goals. Strategic leaders strive to get the best out of people or situations. Democratic leadership styles work well when working with subject domain experts, for example, technology experts or pharmaceutical experts. Although discussion is encouraged it is the role of the leader to guide and direct these discussions, and ultimately make a decision as to which way to proceed. Democratic leaders expect their subordinates to have in-depth valuable experience and to be self-confident.

  • Examples of relational authority would be members of sports teams or large corporations.
  • Strategic leadership acts as a bridge between the senior team and the employees.
  • These types of leaders usually only specialize in one or two areas.
  • So, as you can imagine, a leader or someone in authority can have power, and they can use it in a positive way or in a way that berates or punishes others.
  • Despite the common fundamentals that you can follow to enhance your leadership skills, each individual should also have their own leadership style.
  • Leaders use eloquent communication skills to unite a team towards a shared vision.

Also, some employees may be resistant to feedback or coaching and become demotivated as a result. Although authority is a crucial part of the workplace, effective leaders know when to use which type of authority in which situation. They use it in moderation, together with the right management style. Many leadership theories are centered on cultivating the right balance of types of authority.

Democratic leadership can culminate in a vote to make decisions. Despite the common fundamentals that you can follow to enhance your leadership skills, each individual should also have their own leadership style. This will be dependent on your personality and the situation you are in. Some would describe their style as ‘autocratic’, MBWA (‘management by walking about’), ‘participative’, ‘deserter’ or ‘detached’.

The end result is effective and confident supervisors, motivated workers, higher productivity, less waste, and better customer service. Studies of leadership styles are diverse in nature and multiple definitions have been offered. However, leadership style can be defined broadly as the manner and approach of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people. Laissez-faire leadership is best when individuals are able to function without supervision.

What is a Leadership Style?

Studies carried out indicate that followers who trust in their leader are more likely to follow through with the leader’s instructions over and above the expected. In turn, they will accomplish set goals while being allowed to speak freely to air their ideas and suggestions on the direction of the projects at hand. An experiment conducted among Boy Scout Clubs of the USA in 1940 shows autocratic leadership is likely to rouse antagonism in the group and produce hostility towards the leader. In democratic groups, the absence of the leader made little difference, while in autocratic groups productive work dropped to a minimum, when the leader was out of the room.

Authoritative and Affiliative Leadership styles offer good role models consistent with the values and vision for Healthcare. A Democratic Leadership style gets people to do what you want to be done but in a way that they want to do it. It motivates individuals by empowering them to take a full part in the decision-making process. Ideas and suggestions can be brought forward by any team member, and the Democratic Leader facilitates and asks questions until there is consensus in decision-making. A charismatic leader can inspire the team members to work harder to impress their boss and grow the firm. This leadership style genuinely boosts team morale and pushes employees towards success by inspiring, energizing, and motivating the members.

These types of leaders usually only specialize in one or two areas. But this is why their opinions and viewpoints are so valued by their peers. Punitive authority gives an individual the ability to punish others if they have broken rules. This authority is often bestowed upon individuals based on legal and regulatory criteria. It can be taken away once they have left their positions of power.


He believes that because of his authority he alone can decide what is best in a given situation. An effective leadership program should be a part of everyone’s career planning, irrespective of their field. Emeritus offers different leadership courses in collaboration with renowned institutions across the globe. The leader needs to be able to adjust the leadership style as needed to serve the situation. Paternalistic leadership; Under this management style the leader assumes that his function is fatherly or paternal. The relationship between the leader and his group is the same as the relationship between the head of the family and the members of the family.

describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority

Leadership styles are a leader’s approaches and actions while guiding, inspiring, and managing people. Leadership style also affects how higher-ups devise and carry out strategies while considering team needs. Understanding these styles is important because it helps you learn how your actions will affect individuals directly under your command. They assign tasks and give general direction, but they’re usually uninvolved in day-to-day tasks. Employees decide on the best approach to fulfill their responsibilities. Laissez-faire leaders put a great amount of faith in the individual.

Example of a delegative leader

This leadership style works for startups or a company that wants to be trailblazers in their sector. For instance, being visionary will put you ahead of the competition. This style also gives a business a sense of purpose and long-term direction.

Charismatic Leadership

In an organisation, leadership is a vital management function that ensures improved efficiency and achievement of business objectives. Effective leadership provides clarity of purpose and guides the organisation to its mission. Originally hailing from Dublin, Denis has always been interested in all things business and started EPM in 2009.

Views of Different Management

At the same time, it is important to keep such a type of leadership in check as chaos and confusion can quickly ensue if the team is not organized. The team can end up doing completely different things contrary to what the leader expects. Democratic leadership is more likely to win the loyalty of the group. The laissez-faire groups also developed friendly approaches to the leader as in the democratic group.

Without a leader, the group may have little direction and a lack of control. A democratic leader usually gives instructions only after consulting with the group. He sees to it that policies are worked out in group discussions and with the group’s acceptance. It is the speed with which decisions can be made; the leader does not have to obtain group members’ approval before deciding. Generally, they are willing to hear and consider subordinates’ ideas and suggestions, but when a decision is to be made, they turn out to be more autocratic than benevolent.

An effective facilitative leadership involves monitoring group dynamics, as well as offering process suggestions and interventions to help the group stay on track. Transformational leaders motivate others to do more than they originally intended and often even more than they thought possible. They set more challenging expectations and typically achieve a higher performance.

Learn how leaders have the power to influence values that affect behavior. Participative leadership is often favored as it helps to build trust with employees. Empowering them and encouraging them to share their ideas on essential matters, demonstrating their value to a team. Transactional leadership establishes roles and responsibilities for each employee. However, it can lead to diminishing returns if employees are always aware of how much their effort is worth.

In other words, not only what is done but how something is done. They encourage and develop positive working relationships between often diverse and conflicting groups and motivate individuals by supporting them during highly monotonous or stressful describe various leadership styles based on the use of authority times. A Coaching Leader gives people direction to help them develop and utilise their abilities to achieve their full potential. They are focused on bringing out the best in their teams by guiding them through obstacles to achieve their goals.

Processes and regulations are followed according to policy with no room for flexibility. Rules are set on how work should be done, and bureaucratic leaders ensure that team members follow these procedures meticulously. Input from employees is considered by the leader; however, it is rejected if it does not conform to organizational policy. Another characteristic is a hierarchical authority structure implying that power flows from top to bottom and is assigned to formal titles. This is exactly the opposite of democratic leadership wherein the opinions of employees are not considered.

It also recognizes that teamwork may not always involve trusting cooperative relationships. Autocratic Leaders – they tend to be labelled as authoritarians as they focus their attention predominantly on results and efficiency. However, there are some educational contexts, especially where discipline is an issue, where this style is most effective. Instead, think about your natural manner, strengths and skills, and how you can use the authority you have in a positive way. For example, if you are leading a change initiative, it is important to be inspiring and engaging, in order to ensure others’ “buy-in” and commitment. In a crisis situation, however, you will need to be far more directive in order to convey an appropriate sense of urgency.

Rather than portray leadership styles as 12 discreet boxes, may I suggest 2 or 3 axes, with a continuum on each axis. For instance directive vs delegative, participate vs autocratic. That’s why it’s advisable for one to be a situational leader, he makes use of the various styles depending on the situation. Unfortunately the literature on leadership is expansive, with various theories competing for dominance, so there is not a definitive answer to this question.

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